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  Bracelet » Greek » ID11414  
  Available Options:
  Metal Type:  14k Center and Accent Ring on Sterling SIlver
  Diameter:  20mm
  $ 1728

APOLLO & LYRE, Macedon


Denomination: AR Silver Drachm


Date:  398-395 BC


Macedon, Chalcidian District, Chalcidian League, Olynthus (Olynthos)


The kithara was an ancient instrument resembling the lyre. In ancient Greece the lyre was an attribute of Apollo and symbolized wisdom and moderation. The Kithara was a large lyre of classical antiquity, the principal stringed instrument of the Greeks and later of the Romans. It had a box-shape resonating body from which extended two parallel arms connected by a crossbar to which 3–12 strings were attached. It was held vertically and plucked with a plectrum; the left hand was used to stop and damp the strings. In Modern Greek the word kithara has come to mean guitar.  It was played by singers of the Greek epics.

Apollo is a god in Greek mythology, often shown as a young man with a laurel wreath, and is one of the Twelve Olympians. He is the son of Zeus and Leto and the twin brother of Artemis. He was the god of healing and medicine, of music and poetry, and was the leader of the Muses. He also was a god of revenge and justice.  He was closely associated with the art of music. His musical instrument, the lyre, was an invention by the Greek messenger god Hermes, who had accidentally discovered the lyre as a musical instrument when he brushed against a turtle carapace that lay on the ground and, as he did so, heard its sinews begin to vibrate. Hermes, as a child, escaped from his cradle to lead away and hide the flocks of Apollo. Apollo discovered the theft and the ensuing quarrel between the gods were ended only by the intervention of Zeus. As part of their reconciliation Apollo allowed Hermes to look after his flocks and in turn Hermes, in order to atone for his transgression, presented the Apollo with the lyre.  Apollo’s music was said to be all-powerful, giving stability and bringing order into chaos.

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