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  Ring » Greek » ID11465  
     
 
 
ID11465
 
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  Metal Type:  14K
  Diameter:  16mm
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Baktria


 

Denomination: Apollodotos I, Square AR Silver Drachm

 

Date: 165-160 BC

 

Description: Obverse: Elephant standing, facing right with Greek inscription: ‘ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΠΟΛΛΟΔΟΤΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ’.   Reverse:. Humped bull or Zebu surrounded by monogram.

An extension of Greek power from Bactria into India had taken place, in consequence of the conquests of Euthy-demus (circ. B.C. 206) and his son Demetrius, and a new series of coins, which may conveniently be called Graeco-Indian, makes its appearance. This coinage is no longer purely Greek in character, but is influenced in a marked degree by the native Indian form of coinage, oblong or square. The coins are always bilingual and follow the Indian standard. AR ¼ staters, round or square, this very Indic square drachma of Apollodotus's features not only Kharoshthi script, but an Indic elephant and zebu as well.

Apollodotus - there may have been two kings of this name. Shown above is very attractive coin minted by him, which, is square in shape. Before arrival of Indo-Greeks, local population of his newly acquired kingdom had been using rectangular/square shaped punch-marked coins for most transactions. Perhaps this fact influenced him to issue square shaped, bilingual coinage which could be accepted readily by local merchants, as well as keeping the Indian tradition of putting animals like the elephant and bull on punch-marked coins, this coin also bears these two animals. The legends on the reverse are in Prakrit, written in Kharoshthi script which reads Maharajasa tratarasa Apaladatasa (of the king, saviour, Apollodotus).

 



 
     
 
         
 
 
 
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