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  Necklaces » Greek » ID11945  
  Available Options:
  Metal Type:  14K Pendant + Emerald Accents on 14K Gold Filled Chain
  Diameter:  21mm
  Length:  16" + 2" ext
  $ 1408




Denomination:  Silver AR Hemidrachm                  

Date:  424-350 BC


Description:  Obverse: facing gorgonian with protruding tongue.  Reverse: nymph facing right. Macedon, Neapolis mint.


In archaic and classical Greek art gorgons were always shown facing the viewer, protruding tongue, and teeth. In Greek mythology there were three gorgon sisters. The most famous was Medusa who was decapitated by the hero Perseus. The hair of gorgons was never depicted as living snakes in ancient times. The snakes, if any, were shown near or later sometimes in the hair. Perhaps Parion chose a hideous monster as an emblem for the city as symbol of terror. It was used on Greek shields to frighten the enemy as well as for its hypnotic ability - it was thought that the gorgonian attracts the gaze of enemy soldiers toward the shield and thus away from the weapon hand.

Neapolis was an ancient Greek city located in Thrace, on the site of modern Kavala.

Neapolis was founded by colonists from Thasos, perhaps around the middle of the 7th century BC. Neapolis was a member of the Delian league and entered the Athenian tribute list at 454 BC first by toponym and by 443 BC by city-ethnic name. Recorded a total of fourteen times from 454 to 429 BC, it paid a tribute of 1,000 drachmas a year. It had independence from Thasos as dues of its customs were collected in its own harbor. At one point, property of Neapolitans in Thasos was confiscated by the oligarchs related to a situation from before 463 BC when the Thasian peraia was detached from Thasos. Despite the defection of Thasos from the Delian league in 411 BC, Neapolis remained loyal, causing the Neapolitan oligarchs to flee to Thasos and the confiscation of their property. Neapolis was besieged by the Thracians unsuccessfully, causing the Athenians to praise them for their loyalty and for participating in the siege of Thasos itself in 410 or 409 BC.


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