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  Earring » Byzantine » ID11905  
     
 
 
ID11905
 
  Available Options:
  Metal Type:  14K Gold with 2.5mm Diamonds
  Diameter:  20mm
 
 
  Price
  $ 1088
   
 
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Vencian Grosso

 


 

Denomination:  AR GROSSO                                 

Date: 1289-1310 A.D.

 

 

 

DescriptionPEGRADONICO D / V / X SMVENETI

 

 

 

Nimbate St. Mark, to right, presents royal standard to robed and bearded Doge. On the reverse side: Christ with a granulated nimbus encircling his head in robe (hiton) and mantle (himation) is seated on a throne. Holds on his left knee the Gospels ornamented with five precious stones.) At the height of his head IC-XC initials (Greek abbreviation for Jesus Christ.)

 

Introduced around 1202 (to fund preparations for the grand and infamous Fourth Crusade that eventually sacked Constantinople) by the mighty doge Enrico Dandolo and backed by the Republic's thriving economic power, this type of coin remained for well over a century the dollar of Southeastern European economy. Almost all of its design elements are of Byzantine origin - including the iconic image of a facing enthroned Christ with the Greek inscription "IC XC" (for Jesus Christ), on its reverse - the particular combination in this silver coin of stable and strictly controlled weight and purity lasted for over 150 years (with variations in doge only) and became associated strictly with Venice. As such, through imitations and forgeries, it influenced many Eastern Mediterranean coinages, including the first systematic series of Serbian medieval coins.

Pietro Gradenigo-Doge (Duke) 1289 – 1311

"Children are terrified by words; valiant men fear not even the sword's point."


Pietro Gradenigo  on the occasion of the Republic's third Papal interdict, 1309. For thousand years, the leader of Venice was the Doge (Duke). The Doge was elected by the city-state's aristocracy. Commonly the person selected as Doge was the most politically shrewd older man in the city. While they had great temporal power, Doges were by law confined for the rest of their lives to within the Doge's Palace complex.


 

 

 
     
 
         
 
 
 
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