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  Necklaces » Greek » ID12289  
  Available Options:
  Metal Type:  14K Gold With Sterling Silver Chain
  Diameter:  30mm
  Length:  17in
  $ 2120

Denomination:  AR nomos (stater)                                  Date: 350-330 BC


Description: Velia, Lucania. Circa 340-334 BC. AR Nomos. Head of Athena right, in Attic helmet decorated with a griffin; Θ behind / Lion walking right; E above.


 History: The ancient city of Velia was founded by the Ionian Greeks around 538-535 BCE. Originally named Hyele, it went through a few changes in pronunciations as the Greeks who settled the area began to become Romanized. In the year 273 BCE, it became officially part of the Roman Empire.

            The city was known for its prominent culture of philosophy, and it was here that Parmenides founded The Eleatics, a school of pre-Socratic philosophers. The group was founded in the early 5th century BC. The single known work of Parmenides is a poem, On Nature, which has survived only in fragmentary form. In this poem, Parmenides describes two views of reality. In "the way of truth" (a part of the poem), he explains how reality (coined as "what-is") is one, change is impossible, and existence is timeless, uniform, necessary, and unchanging. In "the way of opinion", he explains the world of appearances, in which one's sensory faculties lead to conceptions which are false and deceitful. He has been considered to be the founder of metaphysics or ontology.

            Athena was one of the most important goddesses in Greek mythology. She sprang full-grown and armored from the forehead of the god Zeus and instantly became his favorite child.  Athena was not only regarded as the protector of cities but of royal families as well, which is emphasized here with the addition of the prowling lion on the reverse of the coin. The lion is the symbol of royalty and power. The small E above the lion is likely in reference to the city of Velia, which at the time of the coin's minting was called Elia. 

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