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  Earring » Byzantine » ID12090  
  Available Options:
  Metal Type:  14K Gold with diamonds
  Diameter:  13k
  Length:  35 mm
  $ 1108

Denomination: Ar Hemidrachm                                                 Date:  357-340 BCE


Description: Thrace, Byzantion. Obverse: Forepart of bull on dolphin left, ΠY above. Reverse: ornamented trident. A prosperous city, through its control of the vital grain trade from the Black Sea, Byzantion was founded by Megarian colonists about 657 B.C., and was besieged by Philip of Macedon, 340/339 B.C.


History: Byzantion was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 657 B.C. In 340 B.C., the Byzantines, with the aid of the Athenians, successfully withstood a siege by Philip of Macedon. They were, however, forced to recognize Macedonian suzerainty after surrendering without a fight to Alexander the Great in 334 B.C. The city was rebuilt as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Constantine I in 330 A.D. and renamed Constantinople. It became the capital of the Ottoman Empire when it was conquered in 1453. Today it is Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey, and the country's economic, cultural, and historical heart. It was mainly a trading city due to its location at the Black Sea's only entrance. Byzantium later conquered Chalcedon, across the Bosporus on the Asiatic side.

Poseidon's trident, a fish spear, is found on the reverse of the coin. It's form resembles the arrow-headed pronged fork, used by the Mediterranean fishermen to catch eels. Poseidon became particularly worshipped in coastal countries, where fish formed a basic commodity of trade.

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