Denomination: Tetra Drachma Date: Circa 12 BC – 15 CE
Description: Indigenous Apracharaja, Ruler of the Indo-Scythians (Sakas) empire.
Obverse: King holding a whip; mounted on horse walking right. Monogram to right and under horse. Written, a corrupt Greek legend.
Reverse: Pallas standing right with shield and long spear. Written, is a Kharosthi legend.
Scythians were nomadic herders of the steppes north of the Black Sea. Their origin, just like their mother tongue, is essentially unknown. They were among the first nomads riding domesticated horses, which gave them tremendous mobility and power. From the seventh century B. C. they dominated the Eastern part of Europe by conquering most other nomads and agricultural tribes.
The coins of the Indo-Scythians in northwestern India, probably designed by Indo-Greek celators (their coins bear Greek monograms, and still kept their Greek names and denominations), displayed Greek legends and Greek divinities such as Zeus or Nike in a fine style.
Azes II's coins use Greek and Kharoshti, depict a Greek goddess as his protector, and thereby essentialy follow the numismatic model of the Greek kings of the Indo-Greek kingdom, suggesting a high willingness to accommodate Greek culture. An originality of the Indo-Scythians is to show the king on a horse, rather than his bust in profile as did the Greeks.