This 14K gold center with a flat silver chain is set with a Greek Coin from 4th Cent. CE.
Denomination: AR Bronze Date: 346-336 BCE
Description: Abdera, Thrace. Obverse: Griffin crouching left, preparing to spring. Greek legend: : ΕΠΙ above, ΠΑΥΣΑΝΙΩ a below griffin. Reverse: Greek legend: ΑΒΔΗΡΙΤΩΝ laureate head of Apollo facing right.
History: Apollo is a god in Greek mythology, often shown as a young man with a laurel wreath, and is one of the Twelve Olympians. A very popular cult deity from the Archaic period, People worshiped Apollo in large numbers all over ancient Greece and also in ancient Rome. Numerous festivals were celebrated in his honor, and most of them marked his great deeds and accomplishments.
The city of Abedra and its mythical foundation was attributed to Heracles. According to legend he founded the city on behalf of his fallen friend Abderus. The historical founding is traced back to a colony from Klazomenai, which is traditionally dated to 654 BC. Its prosperity dates from 544 BC, when the majority of the people of Teos (including the poet Anacreon) migrated to Abdera to escape the Persian yoke. The chief coin type, a griffon, is identical with that of Teos; the rich silver coinage is noted for the beauty and variety of its reverse types.
In 513 BC, 512 BCE, and again in 496 BCE the Persians conquered AbderA. The later time under Darius I. It became part of the Delian League and fought on the side of Athens in the Peloponnesian war.
Abdera was a wealthy city, the third richest in the League, due to its status as a prime port for trade with the interior of Thrace and the Odrysian kingdom.
The town seems to have declined in importance, due to repeated sacking, after the middle of the 4th century BCE. Cicero ridicules the city as a byword for stupidity in his letters to Atticus, writing of a debate in the Senate, "Here was Abdera, but I wasn't silent" ("Hic, Abdera non tacente me").Nevertheless, the city counted among its citizens the philosophers Democritus, Protagoras and Anaxarchus, historian and philosopher Hecataeus of Abdera, and the lyric poet Anacreon.