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Description: LYCIAN LEAGUE. Masicytes. Ca. 48-20 BC. AR hemidrachm. Series 4.
Head of Apollo right, wearing taenia / ΛΥΚΙΩΝ, Kithara (lyre); M-A / Σ-I across fields, all
within incuse square. Troxell 103.
History: Masicytes, a mountainous region in Lycia west of Pamphylia on the
southern Mediterranean shores of modern Turkey. Myra was an important town
and principal mint for the Monetary District of Masikytes.
Apollo, is one of the most important and diverse of the Olympian deities. Apollo
has been variously recognized as a god of light and the sun truth and prophecy
archery medicine and healing music, poetry, and the arts and more. Apollo is the
son of Zeus and Leto, and has a twin sister, Artemis. Apollo was worshiped in both
Ancient Greek and Roman religion, as well as in the modern Greco-Roman
Neopaganism. Apollo was an oracular god - the prophetic deity of the Delphic
Oracle. Medicine and healing were associated with Apollo, whether through the
god himself or mediated through his son Asclepius, yet Apollo was also seen as a
god who could bring ill-health and deadly plague as well as one who had the ability
The kithara, an ancient stringed musical instrument resembling the lyre. The
kithara had seven strings and a flat back. The kithara is a symbol of Apollo and he
is credited with inventing it. Its true origins were likely Asiatic. The kithara was
primarily used by professional musicians, called kitharodes. In modern Greek, the
word kithara has come to mean “guitar”.