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Denomination: Solidus Date: 610-641CE
Description: Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. 610-641 AD. AV Solidus, Constantinople. Heraclius, crowned, with long moustache and long beard in centre, Heraclonas, much smaller, wearing cap, on left, and Heraclius Constantine, (almost as tall as Heraclius), crowned, unbearded, on right, all wearing chlamys and holding cross on globe; cross in upper left field / VICTORIA AVGU and officina letter, cross potent on three steps; PTh monogram in right field; mintmark CONOB. DOC II 33; MIB III 39; SB 758.
History: Heraclius 610 to 641 AD, The Byzantine Empire was threatened by enemies while ruled by the corrupt emperor Phocas. Heraclius entered Constantinople with his bride, Eudocia. Phocas was executed and Heraclius crowned emperor. The fortune worsened within his first five years. The Persians seized Damascus, Jerusalem, and Egypt, the main supplier of corn for Byzantium. Heraclius divided the land into four Themes, each ruled by a governor. He gave soldiers land grants, he recruited a lot of fighters. Eudocia died in 612, he married his niece Martina . In 622 he led his army for six years, and defeated the Persian Empire. The army of Islam began a conquests around 633 which took them to Constantinople. Heraclius tried to stop it in 636, with an army of 80,000 men. The army met by the river Yarmuk. A sandstorm struck and the army was destroyed. On June 4, 638 Heraclius chose Heraclonas son of Marina as successor. On Feb 11, 641 "one of the greatest of Byzantine emperors expired in misery and shame”