As you can tell from the photos these scarabs are damaged. They sold as is. ______________________________________________________________________________________ DESCRIPTION: These ancient Scarabs were from the late phase of Ancient Egypt. Used primarily as personal and administrative seals, they each bear a unique series of hieroglyphs. The Scarabs were carved from stone, or occasionally molded from Egyptian faience, glazed blue or green, then fired in a kiln. The soft steatite stone would mature at the high temperature into a harder stone compound by the name of enstatite. The style of the beetle varies from piece to piece, ranging from highly realistic naturalism to symbolic oval in shape. Generally, the head, wing case, and legs are carved to visually describe the scarab beetle, with a flat base where the inscription is etched. While originally green or blue, the time has worn most of the specimens for that the pale brown and white color of the stone is primary, while the remnants of the ancient glaze accent the details. These beautiful ancient pendants were frequently worn on a simple cord around the neck of a high standing merchant or royal, or on a gold flip ring. The style of ring that this specimen has been mounted is designed after it's possible ancient mount. The flip mechanism would allow the owner to press the inscription into a lump of clay to seal important documents while showing off the delicate design of the beetle while not in practical use. Khepri ḫprj is derived from Egyptian language verb ḫpr, meaning "develop", "come into being", or "create". The god was connected with the scarab beetle (ḫprr in Egyptian), because the scarab rolls balls of dung across the ground, an act that the Egyptians saw as a symbol of the forces that move the sun across the sky. Khepri was thus a solar deity. Young dung beetles, having been laid as eggs within the dung ball, emerge from it fully formed. Therefore, Khepri also represented creation and rebirth, and he was specifically connected with the rising sun and the mythical creation of the world. Often, Khepri and another solar deity, Atum, were seen as aspects of Ra: Khepri was the morning sun, Ra was the midday sun, and Atum was the sun in the evening. The scarab amulets that the Egyptians used as jewelry and as seals represent Khepri.