Hanukkah sale active!
Ring Size: 10 1/2
Sizing Range: 7-14
Description: Commodus AR Denarius, Rome Mint. Date: 186-187 AR Obverse: M COMM ANT P - FEL AVG BRIT; Laureate head right. Reverse: HILAR AVG P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P; Hilaritas standing left, holding branch and long palm frond.
History: Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, son of the noble Marcus Aurelius, was born on August 31, 161 ce, in Lanuvium, Latium (now Lanuvio, Italy, Roman emperor from 177 to 192 (sole emperor after 180).
He was Roman emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180, and solely until 192. His reign is commonly considered to mark the end of the golden period in the history of the Roman Empire known as the Pax Romana.
He was made the youngest consul in Roman history in 177 and later that year elevated to co-emperor with his father. His accession was the first time a son had succeeded his biological father since Titus succeeded Vespasian in 79. Commodus was the first (and until 337, the only) emperor "born in the purple", meaning during his father's reign.
During his solo reign, the Empire enjoyed a period of reduced military conflict compared with the reign of Marcus Aurelius, but intrigues and conspiracies abounded, leading Commodus to an increasingly dictatorial style of leadership that culminated in a god-like personality cult. He gave Rome a new name, Colonia Commodiana (Colony of Commodus), and imagined that he was the god Hercules, entering the arena to fight as a gladiator or to kill lions with bow and arrow.
On December 31, 192, his advisers had him strangled by a champion wrestler, following his announcement the day before that he would assume the consulship, dressed as a gladiator. His assassination marked the end of the Nerva–Antonine dynasty. He was succeeded by Pertinax, the first emperor in the tumultuous Year of the Five Emperors.