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Denomination: As (Bronze) Date: 337-361 AD
Constantius II (Latin: Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus; August 317 – November 361) was Roman Emperor from 337 to 361 AD. The son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, he ascended to the throne with his brothers Constantine II and Constans upon their father's death.
Constantius was born in 317 at Sirmium, Pannonia. He was the third son of Constantine the Great, and second by his second wife Fausta, the daughter of Maximian. Constantius was made Caesar by his father on 13 November 324.
In 336, religious unrest in Armenia and tense relations between Constantine and king Shapur II caused war to break out between Rome and Sassanid Persia. Though he made initial preparations for the war, Constantine fell ill and sent Constantius east to take command of the eastern frontier. Before Constantius arrived, the Persian general Narses, who was possibly the king's brother, overran Mesopotamia and captured Amida. Constantius promptly attacked Narses, and after suffering minor setbacks defeated and killed Narses at the Battle of Narasara. Constantius captured Amida and initiated a major refortification the city, enhancing the city's circuit walls and constructing large towers. He also built a new stronghold in the hinterland nearby, naming it Antinopolis.
The Empire enjoyed a few years of peace during his reign. However, he learned that his cousin Julian had proclaimed himself emperor and in moving to crush thus unsurper he died at the age of 44.