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Denomination: 2 Reale
Region: New World Mint: Potosi
Felipe IV (Philip), Portuguese: Filipe IV; 8 April 1605 – 17 September 1665) was King of Spain (Castile) between 1621 and 1665. He was also King of Aragon, Sicily, Naples, and Portugal as Philip, the last one only until 1640. Philip is remembered for his patronage of the arts, including such artists as Diego Velázquez and his rule over Spain during the challenging period of the Thirty Years War (1618–48).
Philip was idealized by his contemporaries as the model of Baroque kingship. Outwardly he maintained a bearing of rigid solemnity; foreign visitors described Philip as being so impassive in public he resembled a statue. Those close to him claimed he was academically competent, with a good grasp of Latin, geography, and could speak French, Portuguese and Italian well. Like many of his contemporaries, including Olivares, he had a keen interest in astrology. Philip’s first wife was named Elizabeth, daughter of Henry IV of France. After Elizabeth’s death in 1644, Phillip married maria Anna, daughter of the Holy Roman emperor Ferdinand III.